A smart breaker is an all-in-one circuit breaker. It performs several functions in a small unit, such as protection, switching, monitoring, controlling and management. This is an electrical device that can be controlled remotely. It can be turned on and off, monitored, and data collected on the load and circuit consumption.
It is possible to remotely manage and protect a variety of electrical devices. Examples of these devices include motors for water pumps, electric heaters, electric geysers, TVs, fans, and light bulbs. This is made possible through the use of advanced Wi-Fi and circuit breaker technology. It offers defense against voltage spikes, short circuits, overloads, and short circuits.
What are the differences between smart breakers and traditional circuit breakers？
Traditional Circuit Breakers
Circuit breakers have a low safety factor. It's a device commonly used in domestic settings to manage the electricity supply to appliances. It provides safety from leakage and can turn them on and off as necessary. Traditional circuit breakers can work together with electricity meters, surge protection, timers, over/under voltage protection, multi-function instruments, and power distribution equipment. It lacks the intelligent control capability of the intelligent circuit breaker and cannot be extended. The single function has to be improved.
Smart Circuit Breakers
Smart breakers are created as needed because traditional circuit breakers can no longer match increased safety standards. It can effectively address and prevent circuit fire factors brought on by industrial and life-sustaining electricity in order to achieve safe and efficient power consumption.
Smart circuit breakers, a gateway and a power supply are used in homes. A connection to WiFi enables the intelligent upgrade to be realized. Installation is straightforward and consistent with that of a conventional circuit breaker.
Users can monitor the status of their home's electrical appliances at any time from anywhere through the app. This includes current, voltage, and the app's built-in electric leakage-detecting system. In order to meet the objectives of alerting and protecting against potential harm, it is now possible to use a mobile device. This device can remotely control the switch of any electrical appliance, even if you forget to turn it off manually.
What is Technology Built in?
The intelligent MCU controls the smart breaker. It collects all the necessary data which forms the basis of the entire project. We measure the voltage, the load, and the residual leakage current using voltage transformers, current transformers, and zero current transformers respectively. These transformers are used for electric shock detection. Additionally, we measure these parameters. Precision rectifiers and low noise amplifiers are used to connect each of the transformers above to the MCU in turn. The frequency is calculated using the number of power sine wave pulses.
Smart breakers differ from traditional circuit breakers. They have an antenna for signals such as Wi-Fi, Zigbee, RS485, RJ45, and Lora. Additionally, they have a special mechanical switch mechanism for automated ON/OFF operation.
The foundational design of a circuit breaker requires the separation of contacts in an insulating medium. This insulating material puts out the arc between the contacts when the circuit breaker opens. It also serves as insulation between each contact and the earth as well as between each connection.
The electromagnetic part is the same as the one in a traditional circuit breaker. The bimetallic component works to prevent overload by conducting heat. Once the heat reaches a specific limit, the circuit breaker is tripped. This is similar to what a traditional circuit breaker would do in the case of an overload or short circuit.
The electronic portion of the smart breaker is made up of one or more complex circuit boards. These circuit boards are connected to numerous communication and control modules. A remote controller transmits a message to an electrical component's circuit board. This remote controller can be an application on a smartphone or computer.
The electronic component has the ability to gather information, record it, and send it back to the remote terminal. Users are able to control something from afar at the moment. They can modify the numerical value, set a clock, and make a plan using this data. It is not required to operate like a traditional circuit breaker.
How to Install a Smart Breaker？
The primary difference between a traditional circuit breaker and one that contains a printed circuit board (PCB) is evident. The traditional circuit breaker does not require power, whereas the one with the PCB does. In contrast, single-phase circuit breakers have the same connection as standard circuit breakers for three-phase systems.
If the incoming lines of your home's distribution board are connected to the bottom section, you should turn your smart breaker upside down to ensure it operates correctly. The upper input of the circuit breaker is Live and Neutral, and the output is located on the lower part.
Once you have downloaded the iOS or Android app, you can use the QR code on the product packaging. This will allow you to pair the device with your phone. After that, you can configure it to run automatically or on a set schedule.
What are the Benefits of a Smart Breaker？
Thanks to technological improvements, homes and buildings may utilize power in a much more sensible manner by better-regulating energy usage. Recent advances in solid-state technology are helping smart circuit breakers to be more effective. They are monitoring and control electricity consumption by giving information about the amount of energy used by each circuit.
Innovations have been made which enable high-power utilities like air conditioning, heating, and water heaters to be operated. This increases operational continuity and efficiency. Solid-state innovative circuit breakers have enormous potential for the commercial and industrial industries. These facilities use a lot more energy on a daily basis than homeowners do.
Application on Lighting for Example
A smart breaker with embedded circuitry would perform additional functions. In addition to communicating, it would switch, monitor, and signal. All in one straightforward gadget would conserve both space and energy in a switchboard.
The first benefit is streamlined management, with everything in a single device for a whole installation. You wouldn't have to wire the contractors, for starters. In fact, there may be up to 70% fewer control lines and 50% fewer power connections. We estimate that you might gain 25% more space, even at the low end.
Lighting consumes a lot of power in any structure. You would save money with our compact all-in-one smart breaker. That would make it bistable. Electronics would be used in an smart breaker. It would notify the contactor to shut by sending an electric impulse. Until another electrical impulse instructed it to open, it would remain shut. No electricity, and hence no current or heat, would be required in the meantime. In a 1000-square-foot supermarket, the smart breaker might result in a 30% reduction in contactor power consumption.
Additionally, it would use less power because of its communication, monitoring, and signaling features. You would always be aware of the location and type of lights on or off. Then you could program certain spots to turn on and off at specific times. One of an installation's more power-hungry posts might be controlled by operating the lights only when necessary.
More intelligent services are progressively drawn from the Internet of Things. Smart breakers have really started to enter people's lives with the start of the wave of smart homes. It promotes calm and eliminates hazards that aren't obvious. AT-ELE is devoted to smart home solutions. Upgrade your home, feel free to contact us.